Wednesday, November 4, 2009

The Extended Use of the Verb "Suru"

The verb "suru (to do)" has many extended uses that occur quite often.

To make
(a) Adverb form of
I-adjective + suru
To change I-adjective to adverb form, replace the final ~i with ~ku. (e.g. ookii ---> ookiku)
•Terebi no oto o ookiku shita.

•テレビの音を大きくした。
•I turned up the volume of the TV.

(b) Adverb form of Na-adjective + suru
To change Na-adjective to adverb form, replace the final ~na with ~ni. (e.g. kireina ---> kireini)
•Heya o kireini suru.

•部屋をきれいにする。
•I'm cleaning the room.


To decide
It should be used when you are choosing from several available alternatives. Click here to learn more expressions when ordering at a restaurant.

•Kohii ni shimasu.
•コーヒーにします。
•I'll have coffee.

•Kono tokei ni shimasu.
•この時計にします。
•I'll take this watch.


To price
When accompanied by phrases indicating prices, it means "cost."

•Kono kaban wa gosen en shimashita.
•このかばんは五千円しました。
•This bag cost 5,000 yen.

To feel, to smell, or to hear

•Ii nioi ga suru.
•いい匂いがする。
•It smells good.

•Nami no oto ga suru.
•波の音がする。
•I hear the sound of the waves.


Loan word + suru
The loan words are often combined with "suru" to change the word into a verb.

•doraibu suru
•ライブする
•to drive

•taipu suru
•タイプする
•to type

•kisu suru
•キスする
•to kiss

•nokku suru
•ノックする
•to knock


Noun (of Chinese origin) + suru
It is combined with nouns of Chinese origin to make a noun into a verb.

•benkyou suru
•勉強する
•to study

•sentaku suru
•洗濯する
•to do the washing

•ryokou suru
•旅行する
•to travel

•shitsumon suru
•質問する
•to ask questions

•denwa suru
•電話する
•to telephone

•yakusoku suru
•約束する
•to promise

•sanpo suru
•散歩する
•to take a walk


•yoyaku suru
•予約する
•to reserve

•shokuji suru
•食事する
•to have a meal

•souji suru
•掃除する
•to clean

•kekkon suru
•結婚する
•to get married

•kaimono suru
•買い物する
•to shop

•setsumei suru
•説明する
•to explain

•junbi suru
•準備する
•to prepare

The particle "o" can be used as an object particle after a noun. (e.g. "benkyou o suru," "denwa o suru") There is no difference in meaning with or without "o."

Adverb or Onomatopoetic expression + suru
Adverb or
onomatopoeic expression can be combined with "suru" to change them into verbs.

•yukkuri suru
•ゆっくりする
•to stay long

•bonyari suru
•ぼんやりする
•to be absent minded

•niko niko suru
•ニコニコする
•to smile

•waku waku suru
•ワクワクする
•to be excited

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