Wednesday, November 4, 2009

The Extended Use of the Verb "Suru"

The verb "suru (to do)" has many extended uses that occur quite often.

To make
(a) Adverb form of
I-adjective + suru
To change I-adjective to adverb form, replace the final ~i with ~ku. (e.g. ookii ---> ookiku)
•Terebi no oto o ookiku shita.

•I turned up the volume of the TV.

(b) Adverb form of Na-adjective + suru
To change Na-adjective to adverb form, replace the final ~na with ~ni. (e.g. kireina ---> kireini)
•Heya o kireini suru.

•I'm cleaning the room.

To decide
It should be used when you are choosing from several available alternatives. Click here to learn more expressions when ordering at a restaurant.

•Kohii ni shimasu.
•I'll have coffee.

•Kono tokei ni shimasu.
•I'll take this watch.

To price
When accompanied by phrases indicating prices, it means "cost."

•Kono kaban wa gosen en shimashita.
•This bag cost 5,000 yen.

To feel, to smell, or to hear

•Ii nioi ga suru.
•It smells good.

•Nami no oto ga suru.
•I hear the sound of the waves.

Loan word + suru
The loan words are often combined with "suru" to change the word into a verb.

•doraibu suru
•to drive

•taipu suru
•to type

•kisu suru
•to kiss

•nokku suru
•to knock

Noun (of Chinese origin) + suru
It is combined with nouns of Chinese origin to make a noun into a verb.

•benkyou suru
•to study

•sentaku suru
•to do the washing

•ryokou suru
•to travel

•shitsumon suru
•to ask questions

•denwa suru
•to telephone

•yakusoku suru
•to promise

•sanpo suru
•to take a walk

•yoyaku suru
•to reserve

•shokuji suru
•to have a meal

•souji suru
•to clean

•kekkon suru
•to get married

•kaimono suru
•to shop

•setsumei suru
•to explain

•junbi suru
•to prepare

The particle "o" can be used as an object particle after a noun. (e.g. "benkyou o suru," "denwa o suru") There is no difference in meaning with or without "o."

Adverb or Onomatopoetic expression + suru
Adverb or
onomatopoeic expression can be combined with "suru" to change them into verbs.

•yukkuri suru
•to stay long

•bonyari suru
•to be absent minded

•niko niko suru
•to smile

•waku waku suru
•to be excited

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